Prevention of Competition Manipulation

Oceania Sport Information Centre

Learn the rules, know your rights and obligations and report!

What is Competition Manipulation in Sport?
Competition manipulation occurs when a sportsperson or official cheats to remove the unpredictability of a competition. Sports persons may cheat to lose a competition or part of it, which is entirely against theOlympic spirit. The reason behind such an action would be either to gain a sporting advantage (e.g. face an easier opponent in the 2nd round of a tournament) or to gain a financial benefit, notably linked with sports betting.

Why people manipulate competition?

In order to prevent the proliferation of competition manipulation, ONOC together with the IOC and its educational campaign
Be True, Be You, Believe in Sport first and foremost seek to ensure that all athletes, officials and support staff  are aware of the Code of Conduct of the Olympic Movement Unit on the Prevention of the Manipulation of Competitions in order to protect themselves and their sport from threats linked to competition manipulation:

The Believe inSport Campaign provides a wide range to tools, including audio-visual materials and e-learning for the Olympic Movement stakeholders to raise awareness about the threats of competition manipulation. For more information:
Believe in Sport Toolbox

E-learning on competition manipulation
The Believe inSport e-learning on competition manipulation is a 20-minute online course, available on the IOC’s Athlete365 platform, aimed at specifically athletes and coaches, but also available for officials and athlete support personnel, and sports administrators. It is available in 11 languages and accessible here on Prevention of Competition Manipulation.

What are the Rules and Violations?
In order to best fight against competition manipulation, NOCs and NFs of each country are required to adopt rules in line with the Olympic Movement Code on the Prevention of the Manipulation of Competitions. Breaches of the Olympic Movement Code lead to disciplinary sanctions. Breaches include:

- Betting on one’s sport
- Sharing of inside information
- Corrupt conduct / manipulation
- Failure to cooperate
- Failure to report

If such a breach is identified, there will be disciplinary proceedings which could lead to disciplinary sanctions for the sportspersons involved.

Always report & contribute to keeping sport inspirational

Relevant breaches of the Code not only undermine the credibility of your sport, but also the credibility of the overall sports movement and all athletes. It is therefore not only a responsibility, but also a moral duty of all of us to report anything that comes to our attention and looks suspicious. It is our right and responsibility to contribute to protecting the moral integrity of our fellow athletes and our sport, by reporting in a safe way, any potential breach that comes to our attention.The IOC Integrity Hotline is accessible for anyone at any time to confidentially report any suspicious actions that have come to your attention: